The name of Umbira comes from the Umbri tribespeople who called these lands home, having likely entered Italy around the start of the Bronze Age.
Not being on great terms with the Etruscans, many battles between the two tribes occurred. The Umbri held out longer however, only to have to then battle the Romans around 3 centuries BC. This saw the Umbri, Etruscan and other nearby tribes unite in a common front against the Romans.
Eventually however the Romans won out, claiming several part of Umbria, including some lands which at the time spread into what is now Marche territory.
Upon the collapse of the Roman Empire, the following centuries saw the Ostrogoths, Byzantines, Lombards and even the Vatican and France try to claim parts of Umbria. Struggles over power ensued for many centuries, even amongst the free states.
At the time of the Italian Unification in 1861, it was however the Pope who held power over Umbria until agreeing to unite it with the Kingdom of Italy.
Still, the borders of Umbria and the surrounding Tuscany, Lazio (the region of Rome) and Marche regions continued to change right up until the 1920s.
In 1946, Umbria then became the Italian Republic after the end of the Kingdom.
Umbria is home to the city of Perugia (its capital), the World Heritage town of Assisi (of St Francis of Assisi fame), and many other places of note including Orvieto, Spoleto, Città di Castello, Narni, Amelia and Castiglione del Lago.
The terrain is comprised of flat plains, valleys, rolling hills (many with hilltop towns perched atop) and even a section of the Apennines mountain range.
The Umbria region of Italy is known as the green heart of Italy - il cuore verde d'Italia. Rendering the landscape lushly green are several bodies of water, including the Lake Trasimeno and the Tiber River that crossed from Lazio and runs through Umbria, as well as the Roman-built waterfall Cascata delle Marmore. Several additional lakes were drained by the Romans, although an earthquake in the 300s and the end of the Roman Empire saw the waters flood back in. One millennium later, another attempt was made, with success finally happening only in the 1700s.
Today, Umbria is a lovely area to explore for its striking landscapes, cuisine and wine, not to mention visits to the stunning towns and cities of Umbria.